The factors that were common to all the support programmes and contributed to their success included:
- mentoring and coaching;
- a consistent, dedicated project lead with time to engage with the young people on a long term individual basis;
- group support from peers;
- taking part in activities relevant to the world of work so that participants could see the importance of the subjects they were studying at KS4; and
- a flexible approach, in terms of the availability of the project lead and the control the young people had over their work.